Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2009-7
February 17, 2009
Treatment of Corporations Whose Instruments are Acquired by the Treasury Department Under Certain Programs Pursuant to the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008
Table of Contents
This notice provides additional guidance regarding the application of section 382 and other provisions of law to corporations whose instruments are acquired by the Treasury Department (Treasury) pursuant to the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, P. L. 110-343 (EESA). This notice amplifies and supersedes Notice 2008-100, 2008-44 I.R.B. 1081, to address other EESA programs.
The Internal Revenue Service (Service) and Treasury Department (Treasury) intend to issue regulations implementing certain of the rules as described below. Pending the issuance of further guidance, taxpayers may rely on the rules set forth in this notice to the extent provided herein.
Section 101(a)(1) of EESA authorizes the Secretary to establish the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). This notice provides guidance to corporate issuers with respect to five programs established under EESA: (i) the Capital Purchase Program for publicly-traded issuers (Public CPP); (ii) the Capital Purchase Program for private issuers (Private CPP); (iii) the Capital Purchase Program for S corporations (S Corp CPP); (iv) the Targeted Investment Program (TARP TIP); and (v) the Automotive Industry Financing Program (TARP Auto). Unless otherwise specified below, a reference to “the Programs” shall include any of the various EESA programs described in the preceding sentence.
Section 382(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) provides that the taxable income of a loss corporation for a year following an ownership change that may be offset by pre-change losses cannot exceed the section 382 limitation for such year. An ownership change occurs with respect to a corporation if it is a loss corporation on a testing date and, immediately after the close of the testing date, the percentage of stock of the corporation owned by one or more 5-percent shareholders has increased by more than 50 percentage points over the lowest percentage of stock of such corporation owned by such shareholders at any time during the testing period. See § 1.382-2T(a)(1) of the Income Tax Regulations. Section 382(m) of the Code provides that the Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of sections 382 and 383.
Section 101(c)(5) of EESA provides that the Secretary is authorized to issue such regulations and other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of EESA.
Except as otherwise provided, any definitions and terms used herein have the same meaning as they do in section 382 of the Code and the regulations thereunder or in EESA. Unless otherwise specified, a reference herein to “section” is to the particular section of the Code or regulations thereunder.
Taxpayers may rely on the rules described in this Section III to the extent provided below.
A. Treatment of indebtedness and preferred stock acquired by Treasury. For all Federal income tax purposes, any instrument issued to Treasury pursuant to the Programs, whether owned by Treasury or subsequent holders, shall be treated as an instrument of indebtedness if denominated as such, and as stock described in section 1504(a)(4) if denominated as preferred stock. Any amount received by an issuer under the Programs shall be treated as received, in its entirety, as consideration in exchange for the instruments issued. No such instrument shall be treated as stock for purposes of section 382 while held by Treasury or by other holders, except that preferred stock will be treated as stock for purposes of section 382(e)(1).
B. Treatment of warrants acquired by Treasury. For all Federal income tax purposes, any warrant to purchase stock acquired by Treasury pursuant to the Public CPP, TARP TIP, and TARP Auto, whether owned by Treasury or subsequent holders, shall be treated as an option (and not as stock). While held by Treasury, such warrant will not be deemed exercised under § 1.382-4(d)(2). For all Federal income tax purposes, any warrant to purchase stock acquired by Treasury pursuant to the Private CPP shall be treated as an ownership interest in the underlying stock, which shall be treated as preferred stock described in section 1504(a)(4). For all Federal income tax purposes, any warrant acquired by Treasury pursuant to the S Corp CPP shall be treated as an ownership interest in the underlying indebtedness.
C. Section 382 treatment of stock acquired by Treasury. For purposes of section 382, with respect to any stock (other than preferred stock) acquired by Treasury pursuant to the Programs (either directly or upon the exercise of a warrant), the ownership represented by such stock on any date on which it is held by Treasury shall not be considered to have caused Treasury’s ownership in the issuing corporation to have increased over its lowest percentage owned on any earlier date. Except as described below, such stock is considered outstanding for purposes of determining the percentage of stock owned by other 5-percent shareholders on a testing date.
D. Section 382 treatment of redemptions of stock from Treasury. For purposes of measuring shifts in ownership by any 5-percent shareholder on any testing date occurring on or after the date on which the issuing corporation redeems stock held by Treasury that was acquired pursuant to the Programs (either directly or upon the exercise of a warrant), the stock so redeemed shall be treated as if it had never been outstanding.
E. Section 382(l)(1) not applicable with respect to capital contributions made by Treasury pursuant to the Programs. For purposes of section 382(l)(1), any capital contribution made by Treasury pursuant to the Programs shall not be considered to have been made as part of a plan a principal purpose of which was to avoid or increase any section 382 limitation.
Taxpayers may rely on the rules described in Section III. These rules will continue to apply unless and until there is additional guidance. Any future contrary guidance will not apply to instruments (i) held by Treasury that were acquired pursuant to the Programs prior to the publication of that guidance, or (ii) issued to Treasury pursuant to the Programs under binding contracts entered into prior to the publication of that guidance. In exercising its authority under EESA in this notice, the Treasury and the Service do not intend to suggest that similar Federal income tax results would obtain with respect to instruments similar to those described herein that are not issued under the Programs. Accordingly, the Federal income tax consequences of instruments not issued under the Programs should continue to be determined based upon specific facts and circumstances.
The principal author of this notice is Keith Stanley of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Corporate). For further information regarding this notice, contact Keith Stanley at (202) 622-7750 (not a toll-free call).
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