- "U.S. Adults' Estimates of COVID-19 Hospitalization Risk," Gallup (September 2021):
For both vaccinated and unvaccinated populations, very few adults reported a correct answer, which is less than one percent. ... For unvaccinated hospitalization risk, 2% of Democrats responded correctly, compared with 16% of Republicans. In fact, 41% of Democrats replied that at least 50% of unvaccinated people have been hospitalized due to COVID-19.
- List Experiments to elicit truthful responses.