Difference between revisions of "Words"
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Revision as of 11:20, 4 April 2022
- 1 NEW WORDS NEEDED
- 2 Acrid
- 3 Ad hominem
- 4 Adiaphora
- 5 Anscombe's Quartet
- 6 Antifaschistischer Schutzwall
- 7 Argumentum ad Verecundiam
- 9 Baizhuo
- 10 Beautilicious
- 12 Cadence
- 13 Camel case
- 14 Chesterton's Fence
- 15 Combatativeness
- 16 CHYMPS
- 17 Contradictorily
- 18 Crazytown
- 20 Deificatio
- 21 Degringolade
- 22 Derangement
- 23 Devolution
- 24 Doctrine of Double Effect
- 25 Drafty Version of a Paper
- 27 Enantiomer
- 28 Enunciative and Enunciatory
- 29 Epiphany
- 30 The Fallacy of Equivocation
- 31 Eructation
- 33 Flatus
- 34 The Flypaper Effect
- 35 Fugacity
- 37 Googleability or Googlability
- 38 Gluckschmerz
- 40 The Javert Paradox
- 42 Kairos.
- 43 Katz
- 44 Kebab case
- 46 Lunate epsilon
- 47 To Lustrate
- 49 Mokita
- 50 Mokita
- 52 Nuisance parameter
- 54 Obrazovanshchina
- 55 Overfeatures
- 57 Per curiam
- 58 Pothole case
- 59 Plaque
- 60 Pronunciamento
- 61 Psephology
- 62 PUMP AND DUMP
- 64 RAREBIT
- 66 Spitster
- 67 Steelmanning
- 69 Traumata
- 71 The Unpronounceable Case
- 73 Vatic
- 74 Valley of the Clueles: Das Tal der Ahnungslosen
- 76 Zornhau
NEW WORDS NEEDED
I taught misrepresentation/fraud yesterday; and midway through our analysis of the famous case Vokes v. Arthur Murray dance studio, I realized that the gullible, pathetic, 2-left-footed widow in that case -- Audrey Vokes -- was younger than I am now. Confused
Replying to @ProfEricTalley
If I were the mainstream media, I would now report that Columbia University admits that it teaches misrepresentation and fraud.
(What is the word for that self-reflexive sentence?-someone who fraudulently accuses someone else of fraud? Useful term for Russiagate too.)
Unpleasantly sharp, pungent, or bitter.
Yes...when JMac made a statement about the nature of the Son of God that was very, very off and he publicly acknowledged it before the entire world. Let's take a peak at your life and see what we can find. What are you hiding Dennis? Unbelievable. The level of hypocrisy is sick.
The sin of "Dennis Swanson" is a different subject, and not as interesting. There should be a name for this. "Ad hominem" doesn't quite fit. Nor "ad hominem libellum" Nor "ad hominem innuedum"More like "ad hominem conjecturum" But my grammar may be off.
The plural of adiaphoron, a thing that exists outside of moral law, neither condemned nor approved by morality; “indifferent things,” neither right nor wrong, spiritually neutral.
"Anti-fascist protection dike" or "rampart", the Berlin Wall's official name in East Germany. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall
Argumentum ad Verecundiam
The fallacy of argument from inappropriate authority: an appeal to the testimony of an authority outside of the authority's special field of expertise. https://philosophy.lander.edu/logic/authority.html
WIKIPEDIA: Baizuo (/ˈbaɪˌdzwɔː/, /baɪˈzwoʊ/; Chinese: 白左; pinyin: báizuǒ, Mandarin pronunciation: [pǎi.tswò], literally White Left) is a Chinese neologism and political epithet used to refer to Western leftist ideologies primarily espoused by white leftists. The term baizuo is related to the term shèngmǔ (圣母, 聖母, literally "Blessed Mother") or shèngmǔbiǎo (圣母婊, 聖母婊, literally "Blessed Mother of Bitch"), a sarcastic reference to those whose political opinions are perceived as being guided by emotions or a hypocritical show of selflessness and empathy.
The term baizuo was apparently coined in a 2010 article published on Renren Network by user Li Shuo, entitled The Fake Morality of the Western White Left and the Chinese Patriotic Scientists (西方白左和中国爱国科学家的伪道德), initially used as a general critique of certain socialist values in the American left. No further use of the term is known until 2013, where on Chinese forum Zhihu through 2013–2015, the term evolved to criticize some people among the left who seemingly advocate for positive slogans like peace and equality to boast their sense of moral superiority, but are ignorant of real-world consequences, and utilize destructive behavior like political sacrifice and identity politics.
Substantial use in Chinese Internet culture began in early 2016, at first at MIT BBS, a bulletin board system used by many Chinese in the U.S., during the 2016 United States presidential election.
1. The act or state of declining or sinking.
2. Balanced, rhythmic flow.
3. The measure or beat of movement.
4. The general inflection or modulation of the voice, or of any sound.
5. (music) A progression of at least two chords which conclude a piece of music, section or musical phrases within it. Sometimes referred to analogously as musical punctuation.
6. (music) A cadenza, or closing embellishment; a pause before the end of a strain, which the performer may fill with a flight of fancy.
7. (speech) A fall in inflection of a speaker’s voice, such as at the end of a sentence.
A variable-naming style that separates the parts of a name with capitals, as in FirstSecondThird. See also: pothole case, kebab case.
“In the matter of reforming things, as distinct from deforming them, there is one plain and simple principle; a principle which will probably be called a paradox. There exists in such a case a certain institution or law; let us say, for the sake of simplicity, a fence or gate erected across a road. The more modern type of reformer goes gaily up to it and says, ‘I don’t see the use of this; let us clear it away.’ To which the more intelligent type of reformer will do well to answer: “If you don’t see the use of it, I certainly won’t let you clear it away. Go away and think. Then, when you can come back and tell me that you do see the use of it, I may allow you to destroy it.”
Chesterton is not alone in the observation. It is found throughout our literature and theatre. In Robert Bolt’s “A Man for All Seasons” Sir Thomas More uses a similar argument to famously challenge his reformist son-in-law. The poet Robert Frost comes to the same conclusion in “Mending Wall.” Scripture is replete with its warning, beginning in Proverbs 22:28, “Do not move an ancient boundary stone that your fathers have placed.”
"Combativeness" is a word. So is "combatative".. : Is "combatativeness" an existing word? Should it be? Is it better than "combativeness"?
CHYMPS is the acronym for the top political science PhD programs in the United States. It is the political science PhD equivalent to HYS (Harvard, Yale, Stanford) for law schools and HSW (Harvard, Stanford, Wharton) for business schools. CHYMPS stands for:
The acronym was originally Hypes-Bomb (Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Stanford, Berkeley, MIT) as a shorthand for the top political science departments (perhaps pejorative, as in overhyped but famous political science schools).
Hypes-Bomb then morphed to CHYMPS since it’s catchier.
CHYMPS then became the updated HYP as an acronym for the most prestigious schools in the US generally (see Urban Dictionary entry from 2009), though it’s causing some confusion among Columbia, Cornell, Caltech, and University of Chicago fans who feel that “C” should stand for them, not Cal-Berkeley (just a bias against public schools IMO, since Cal is clearly superior to the other “C” schools, at least at the graduate level).
"In selling stock, the filer is not contradictorily asserting it is solvent; the *buyers* are saying that."
"I feel like I'm in crazytown when I express distress about taxation - literally people forcibly taking away your property - and ppl act like I'm the crazy one." A tweet (2021).
"Deificatio hominis" or just "deificatio" is the Latin term used in theology for the idea of a man trying to become more like God. It might be exactly the same idea as "sanctification"; I'm not sure. Often people say "deification", which is bad terminology. It already has a main meaning, and that main meaning is completely different, almost opposite, since it is to make something into an idol, treating it as God. The idea here is not to set yourself up falsely as God, but to make yourself slightly more like God and diminish your own contrary will. The Greek term “Theosis” is better, maybe; I don’t grasp the Eastern Orthodox concept very well. “Sanctification” is good. “Divinization” is okay, but sounds too much like “divining”, as in fortune-telling.
A rapid decline or deterioration in a situation.
From Twitter: "A permutation that leaves no element in-place is called a 'derangement'."
Devolution can mean either the reverse of evolution or the devolving of power, two quite distinct meanings.
Doctrine of Double Effect
"The doctrine (or principle) of double effect is often invoked to explain the permissibility of an action that causes a serious harm, such as the death of a human being, as a side effect of promoting some good end. According to the principle of double effect, sometimes it is permissible to cause a harm as a side effect (or “double effect”) of bringing about a good result even though it would not be permissible to cause such a harm as a means to bringing about the same good end." "Doctrine of Double Effect," Stanford dictionary.
Drafty Version of a Paper
“Very drafty version”: I like that, and will use it myself. You eventually will insulate it from criticism. "Tilly Goes to Church: The Religious and Medieval Roots of State Formation in Europe, " Anna Grzymala-Busse, Stanford University, August 31, 2020.
"Enantiomers, also known as optical isomers, are two stereoisomers that are related to each other by a reflection: they are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable. Human hands are a macroscopic analog of this." --"Steroisomerism," Wikipedia.
Enunciative and Enunciatory
I think these mean "enunciating well", but I haven't been able to find out, googling.
One meaning in Greek of ἐπιφάνεια is, from Liddel-Scott-Jones, " in war, sudden appearance of an enemy, Aen.Tact. 31.8, Plb. 1.54.2, Ascl. Tact. 12.10(pl.), Onos. 22.3 (pl.)."
The Fallacy of Equivocation
Using a term with one meaning in the premise, and another in the conclusion. From Professorsykes.com:
“Noisy children are a real pain. Two aspirin will make any pain go away. Therefore, two aspirin will make noisy children go away.”
A belch. A violent bursting forth or ejection of matter from the earth.
Gas generated in or expelled from the digestive tract, especially the stomach or intestines.
The Flypaper Effect
"The flypaper effect is a concept from the field of public finance that suggests that a government grant to a recipient municipality increases the level of local public spending more than an increase in local income of an equivalent size. When a dollar of exogenous grants to a community leads to significantly greater public spending than an equivalent dollar of citizen income: money sticks where it hits, like a fly to flypaper. Grants to the government will stay in the hands of the government and income to individuals will stay with these individuals." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flypaper_effect
1. The noun for being fleeting, evanescent.
2. A coefficient for a real-world gas which makes the ideal gas equation be true. The fugacity of an ideal gas is 1. The fugacity of real-world gases is between 0 and 1, e.g. the fugacity of nitrogen is about .93.
This came up in Ben's Thermodynamics class.
I would like there to be the word "Fugacitaceous" too, for the sound of it, but that's a neologism.
Googleability or Googlability
A measure of how easy it is to find information about a person on the Web.
Which spelling is better?
Pain at seeing someone else's good fortune, analogous to Schadenfreude. But it's fake German. See this twitter thread.
The Javert Paradox
The Javert Paradox: Suppose you find a problem with published work. If you just point it out once or twice, the authors of the work are likely to do nothing. But if you really pursue the problem, then you look like a Javert.
καιρός. "a passing instant when an opening appears which must be driven through with force if success is to be achieved."
Short for "Kohen Tzedeq ("priest of justice"/"authentic priest") or Kohen Tzadok (meaning the name-bearer is of patrilineal descent of the Kohanim sons of Zadok)", Wikipedia says.
A variable-naming style that separates the parts of a name with dashes, as in first-second-third. See also: camel case, pothole case.
The lunate epsilon (tex: $\epsilon$) is the moon-shaped one that I like to use for something very small because it looks smaller. The "reverse-3" form is the uglier squiggly one that has the advantage of one-stroke cursive writing on the blackboard. See the Wikipedia entry.
To purify by expiatory sacrifice, ceremonial washing, or some other ritual action. "a soul lustrated in the baptismal waters"
Mnemonic (plural mnemonics): Anything (especially in verbal form) used to help remember something.
- How do you spell mnemonic?
- It's practically demonic.
- You put an M before the N;
- And then it's just phenomic.
"Mokita is a Papua New Guinean term for something that everyone knows but no one talks about." https://twitter.com/charlesmurray/status/1439993770519445508?s=03.
"Earl Hunt, the eminent psychometrician, invoked that word in his review of TBC many, many years ago."--Charles Murray, https://twitter.com/charlesmurray/status/1439993770519445508?s=03.
A nuisance parameter is any parameter which is not of immediate interest but must be accounted for in the analysis of the parameter of interest. The classic example is the variance of distribution when the mean is of primary interest. Wikipedia's article.
"Obrazovanshchina (Russian: образованщина, 'educationdom', 'educaties', 'smatterers') is a Russian ironical, derogatory term for a category of people with superficial education who lack the higher ethics of an educated person. The term was introduced by Alexander Solzhenitsyn in his 1974 essay "Obrazovanshchina" (translated as "The Smatterers") as a criticism of the transformation of the Russian intelligentsia, which, in his opinion had lost high ethical values." https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obrazovanshchina
I'd like to popularize the word "overfeatured" to mean software, cars, or any other product that has too many bells and whistles. These can either actively degrade usability, or make it too hard to figure out simple uses.
A way for a court to sign a judicial opinion. "Traditionally, the per curiam was used to signal that a case was uncontroversial, obvious, and did not require a substantial opinion... These early opinions often comprised only a sentence or two, rarely more than a paragraph, and never displayed disagreement among the Justices. Beginning in 1909 with Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, whose strongly worded separate opinions earned him the moniker "the Great Dissenter," per curiam opinions began to feature dissents... The per curiam not only allowed the Court to quickly adjudicate these more substantive cases but also to signify to the public that the issues in them were easily resolved and required little explanation." "Hiding Behind the Cloak of Invisibility: The Supreme Court and Per Curiam Opinions," Ira Robbins (2012).
A variable-naming style that separates the parts of a name with underscores, as in first_second_third. See also: camel case, kebab case.
1. an ornamental tablet, 2. A sticky bacterial deposit on teeth.
A pronunciamiento (Spanish: [pɾonunθjaˈmjento], Portuguese: pronunciamento [pɾunũsiɐˈmẽtu]; "proclamation , announcement or declaration") is a form of military rebellion or coup d'état particularly associated with Spain, Portugal and Latin America, especially in the 19th century.
The statistical study of elections and voting.
PUMP AND DUMP
1. The stock manipulation trick of using rumor or purchase to inflate a stock's purchase and then selling it. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pump_and_dump. 2. The political dirty trick of getting a crowd so excited that it charges off to wreck a building or kill someone, so it gets in trouble and discredits the movement, and then quietly leaving before the arrests and shooting. 3. A Full Service Company Offering Residential & Commercial Septic Services. https://www.pumpndumpusa.com/.
Ambrose Bierce (1911): "Rarebit n. A Welsh rabbit, in the speech of the humorless, who point out that it is not a rabbit. To whom it may be solemnly explained that the comestible known as toad in the hole is really not a toad, and that ris de veau à la financière is not the smile of a calf prepared after the recipe of a she banker."
A double-cup invention for eating sunflower seeds, peanuts, or pistachios. https://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/3/prweb9254850.htm
Presenting one's opponent's arguments as well as possible, even if that's not the way they presented them. Chicago's Professor Will Baude says, "Indeed, I now sometimes test a version of this skill on my exams, asking students to write up both sides of an argument, with the rule that their grade will be based on the quality of the worse of the two arguments."
An alternative to "traumas" as a plural for "trauma".
The Unpronounceable Case
Uzuegbunam v. Preczewski, US Supreme Court (2020) may supplant whatever case has traditionally held this title.
Describing or predicting what will happen in the future.
Valley of the Clueles: Das Tal der Ahnungslosen
The valley in East Germany that could not be reached by Voice of America radio. "regions in the northeast to Greifswald and in the southeast of the GDR in the former district of Dresden... about 15 % of the population of the GDR...The term is now used for local communities or areas in Germany with missing or poorly developed broadband Internet access," from Tal der Ahnungslosen.
A zornhau (wrath hew) is the diagonal cut sword cut from shoulder to opposite waist known as "kesa-giri" in Japan. It is said to be historically the most effective at killing people. See https://allthetropes.fandom.com/wiki/Diagonal_Cut and https://danielagnewauthor.com/2017/04/27/the-zornhau-ort-its-simpler-than-you-think/.